Gramatica limbii engleze cu exercitii
Timpul prezent
Present tense

Prezentul simplu



Afirmativ:
I play tennis
You play tennis
He plays tennnis
She plays tennnis
We play tennis
You play tennis
They play tennis

Interogativ:
Do I play tennis?
Do you play tennis?
Does he play tennis?
Does she play tennis?
Do we play tennis?
Do you play tennis?
Do they play tennis?

Negativ:

I do not (don’t) play tennis
You do not (don’t) play tennis
He does not (doesn’t) play tennis
She does not play tennis
We do not play tennis
You do not play tennis
They do not play tennis



Mod de formare
Afirmativ:
Subiect + Verbul la infinitiv
(la persoana a III-a singular se adauga terminatia „-s" sau „-es")

Exemple:
1. I go to school every day.
2. He reads a book every month.
3. She lives in Bucharest.

Interogativ:

Do / Does (pers.III, sg.) + Subiect + Verbul la infinitiv

Exemple:
1. Do you go to school every day?
2. Does he read a book every month?
3. Does she live in Bucharest?

Negativ:
Subiect + do / does (pers.III, sg.) + not + Verbul la infinitiv
Se folosesc adesea contractiile don't (do + not) si doesn't (does + not)

Exemple:
1. I don't go to school every day.
2. He doesn't read a book every month.
3. She doesn't live in Bucharest.


De retinut: pentru persoana III singular, se adauga terminatia “s” sau “es”!!!!!!

I talk – He talks
I work – He works
I sleep – He sleeps





Se foloseste pentru:
-    o actiune care se petrece in mod obisnuit
We play tennis every day.
Noi jucam tenis in fiecare zi.
-    exprima o stare, un fapt care ramane neschimbat o perioada mai lunga de timp
She works in Canada.
Lucreaza in Canada.
-    exprima un adevar permanent
Water freezes at 0C.
Apa ingheata la 0 grade.
  
Tha rain in Spain stays mainly in the plain.
In Spania ploua mai mult in zona de campie.

 -    exprima actiuni care respecta un anumit program

The bus for Bucharest lives at 12.15 on Monday.
I have Maths Friday at 11.30.

-     situatii emotionale
Exemple:
I love my girlfriend very much.
He hates cats.


De retinut: Verbele la prezentul simplu apar de mult eori insotite de adverbele de frecventa: always (intotdeauna), usually (de obicei), often (deseori), sometimes (cateodata)

I often play tennis.
I am never impolite.

Expresii cu care se foloseste adesea Prezentul Simplu:
every day/ week/ month/ year etc., every morning/ evening/ afternoon/ night, usually, always, sometimes, often, never, in the morning/evening/night etc.

Exemple:
1. He goes to the gim every day.
2. I play football every week.
3. We go to the dentist every year.
4. She watches TV every evening.
5. She usually studies hard for her exams.


Exercitii:

1. Puneti propozitiile urmatoare la persoana a III-a singular. Consultati mai intai exemplul:
Exemplu:
They live in Craiova. (He)
He lives in Craiova, too.

1. I fly from Bucharest to Rome every week. (Mary)
2. We usually play in the park. (John)
3. They like their jobs very much. (He)
4. I want a new car. (She)
5. You wake up at 7 o'oclock. (Paul)
6. You always wash the dishes. (Angela)
7. We watch TV every afternoon. (Tom)
8. I go to school by bus. (My brother)
9. You cook every Saturday. (My mother)
10. We study hard for our exams. (Mark)

2. Scrieti forma interogativa a urmatoarelor propozitii:
Exemplu:
You like swimming.
Do you like swimming?

1. He lives in Bucharest.
2. You wear an uniform at school.
3. My father drives very well.
4. Mr. Smith teaches English.
5. You like pizza and hamburgers.
6. My neighbour works as an engineer.
7. Your father repairs the car every month.
8. We drink coffee every morning.
9. Mary pays her bills every month.
10. He goes to bed very early every evening.

3. Folositi forma negativa pentru propozitiile urmatoare, folosind cuvintele din paranteze, la fel ca in exemplul de mai jos:
Exemplu:
I like Maths. (Physics)
I like Maths, but I don't like Physics

1. Mary writes postcards. (letters)
2. I go to the cinema. (theatre)
3. They read newspapers. (books)
4. You study French. (English)
5. Mr. Brown works in an office. (at home)
6. I like football. (rugby)
7. He drives a car. (a lorry)
8. Dan and John travel by train. (plane)
9. We drink tea. (coffee)
10. She plays chess every day. (tennis)

4. Formulati propozitii folosind conjunctia but:
Exemple:
I watch TV every evening. (John)
I watch TV every evening, but John doesn't.
He doesn't speak French. (they)
He doesn't speak French, but they do.

1. Julia washes the dishes. (I)
2. He doesn't want to go to the seaside. (his girlfriend)
3. I go to the cinema every week. (they)
4. She doesn't swim. (her sister)
5. We have breakfast early in the morning. (Paul)
6. I don't play football. (my best friend)
7. Me and my brother play on the computer. (Michael)
8. John doesn't read the newspaper every day. (we)
9. My mother likes to go shopping. (I)
10. You don't travel by plane. (she)

5. Adauga propozitiilor de mai jos adverbele din paranteze:
Exemplu:
I have lunch at 12 o'clock. (always)
I always have lunch at 12 o'clock.

1. My sister gets up at 10 o'clock. (usually)
2. We play football on Sundays. (sometimes)
3. I go out with a stranger. (never)
4. She listens to music in the evening. (always)
5. He goes to school by bus. (often)
6. I eat a hamburger in the morning. (never)
7. I read the newspaper in the evening. (usually)
8. In the morning I play on the computer. (sometimes)
9. Mother washes the dishes in the evening. (always)
10. They go skiing in the winter. (often)

Raspunsuri:
1. Puneti propozitiile urmatoare la persoana a III-a singular:

1. I fly from Bucharest to Rome every week. (Mary)
Mary flies from Bucharest to Rome every week, too.
2. We usually play in the park. (John)
John usually plays in the park, too.
3. They like their jobs very much. (He)
He likes his job very much, too.
4. I want a new car. (She)
She wants a new car, too.
5. You wake up at 7 o'oclock. (Paul)
Paul wakes up at 7 o’clock, too.
6. You always wash the dishes. (Angela)
Angela always washes the dishes, too.
7. We watch TV every afternoon. (Tom)
Tom watches TV every afternoon, too.
8. I go to school by bus. (My brother)
My brother goes to school by bus, too.
9. You cook every Saturday. (My mother)
My mother cooks every Saturday, too.
10. We study hard for our exams. (Mark)
Mark studies hard for his exams, too.

2. Scrieti forma interogativa a urmatoarelor propozitii:

1. He lives in Bucharest.
Does he live in Bucharest?
2. You wear an uniform at school.
Do you wear an uniform at school?
3. My father drives very well.
Does your father drive very well?
4. Mr. Smith teaches English.
Does Mr Smith teach English?
5. You like pizza and hamburgers.
Do you like pizza and hamburgers?
6. My neighbour works as an engineer.
Does your neighbour work as an engineer?
7. Your father repairs the car every month.
Does your father repair the car every month?
8. We drink coffee every morning.
Do we drink coffee every morning?
9. Mary pays her bills every month.
Does Mary pay her bills every month?
10. He goes to bed very early every evening.
Does he go to bed very early every evening?

3. Folositi forma negativa pentru propozitiile urmatoare, folosind cuvintele din paranteze:

1. Mary writes postcards. (letters)
Mary writes postcards, but she doesn’t write letters.
2. I go to the cinema. (theatre)
I go to the cinema, but I don’t go to the theatre.
3. They read newspapers. (books)
They read newspapers, but they don’t read books.
4. You study French. (English)
You study French, but you don’t study English.
5. Mr. Brown works in an office. (at home)
Mr. Brown works in an office, but he doesn’t work at home.
6. I like football. (rugby)
I like football, but I don’t like rugby.
7. He drives a car. (a lorry)
He drives a car, but he doesn’t drive a lorry.
8. Dan and John travel by train. (plane)
Dan and John travel by train, but they don’t travel by plane.
9. We drink tea. (coffee)
We drink tea, but we don’t drink coffee.
10. She plays chess every day. (tennis)
She plays chess every day, but she doesn’t play tennis.

4. Formulati propozitii folosind conjunctia but:

1. Julia washes the dishes. (I)
Julia washes the dishes, but I don’t.
2. He doesn't want to go to the seaside. (his girlfriend)
He doesn't want to go to the seaside, but his girlfriend does.
3. I go to the cinema every week. (they)
I go to the cinema every week, but they don’t.
4. She doesn't swim. (her sister)
She doesn’t swim, but her sister does.
5. We have breakfast early in the morning. (Paul)
We have breakfast early in the morning, but Paul doesn’t.
6. I don't play football. (my best friend)
I don't play football, but my best friend does.
7. Me and my brother play on the computer. (Michael)
Me and my brother play on the computer, but Michael doesn’t.
8. John doesn't read the newspaper every day. (we)
John doesn't read the newspaper every day, but we do.
9. My mother likes to go shopping. (I)
My mother likes to go shopping, but I don’t.
10. You don't travel by plane. (she)
You don't travel by plane, but she does.

5. Adauga propozitiilor de mai jos adverbele din paranteze:

1. My sister gets up at 10 o'clock. (usually)
My sister usually gets up at 10 o'clock.
2. We play football on Sundays. (sometimes)
We sometimes play football on Sundays.
3. I go out with a stranger. (never)
I never go out with a stranger.
4. She listens to music in the evening. (always)
She always listens to music in the evening.
5. He goes to school by bus. (often)
He often goes to school by bus.
6. I eat a hamburger in the morning. (never)
I never eat a hamburger in the morning.
7. I read the newspaper in the evening. (usually)
I usually read the newspaper in the evening.
8. In the morning I play on the computer. (sometimes)
In the morning I sometimes play on the computer.
9. Mother washes the dishes in the evening. (always)
Mother always washes the dishes in the evening.
10. They go skiing in the winter. (often)
They often go skiing in the winter.
Cauta