Gramatica limbii engleze cu exercitii
Prezentul continuu


Afirmativ:
I  am (I’m) playing tennis
You are (you’re) playing tennis
He is (he’s) plays tennnis
She is (she’s) plays tennnis
We are play tennis
You are play tennis
They are playing tennis

Interogativ:
Am I playing tennis?
Are you playing tennis?
Is he playing tennis?
Is she playing tennis?
Are we play tennis?
Are you play tennis?
Are they playing tennis?

Negativ:

I  am not (I’m not) playing tennis
You are not (aren’t) playing tennis
He is not (isn’t) plays tennnis
She is not(isn’t) plays tennnis
We are  not play tennis
You are not  play tennis
They are not  playing tennis


Afirmativ:
Subiect + to be (conjugat in functie de persoana) + Verbul la infinitiv + terminatia "-ing"
I'm writing an article now.

Interogativ:

To be (conjugat in functie de persoana) + Subiect + Verbul la infinitiv + terminatia "-ing"
Am I writing an article now?

Negativ:

Subiect + to be (conjugat in functie de persoana) + not + Verbul la infinitiv + terminatia "-ing"
Se folosesc adesea contractiile isn't (is + not) si aren't (are + not)
I'm not writing an article now.

De retinut:
1) Reguli pentru adaugarea terminatiei „-s" sau „-es" la afirmativ pentru persoana a III-a singular
2)  La majoritatea verbelor se adauga terminatia „-ing" fara nici o modificare:
play – playing
try – trying
drink – drinking
sing - singing
3) La verbele care se termina in litera e precedata de o consoana, se renunta la litera e si se adauga terminatia "-ing"

Exemple:
make – making
come – coming
leave – leaving
La verbele formate dintr-o singura silaba (monosilabice) care se termina intr-o consoana precedata de o vocala, se dubleaza consoana si apoi se adauga terminatia "-ing"

Exemple:
get – getting
sit – sitting
hit – hitting

Se foloseste pentru:
-    exprima o actiune care se petrece in momentul vorbirii

Look! It’s raining!
Priveste! Ploua!
-    Exprima o actiune care are loc pentru o perioada limitata in prezent

What are you reading these days?
Ce citesti zilele astea?
-    poate avea o valoare de viitor, exprimand o actiune ce va avea loc comform unui program stabilit inainte
When is he coming?
Cand vine?

Unele verbe nu se pot folosi la forma continua:
-    verbe care exprima o activitate mintala
know; remember; belive; mean; understand; forgot
-    verbe care exprima stari sufletesti
 love; regret; prefer; want
-    verbe ce exprima o perceptie senzoriala
see, hear
-    verbe modale
can, must, may


Exercitii:

1. Alegeti varianta corecta la Prezentul Continuu:

1. We ............... basketball in the schoolyard.
a) play; b) prepare; c) ski
2. They ............... a movie in the dining-room.
a) watch; b) play; c) eat
3. My friends and I ............... some flowers in the garden.
a) read; b) water; c) travel
4. I ............... my homeworks at Maths.
a) do; b) make; c) give
5. You ............... a novel to your little brother.
a) read; b) create; c) put
6. The poet ............... a poem about love at this moment.
a) create; b) give; c) look
7. I ............... after my lost cat.
a) look; b) search; c) spend
8. ........ we ............... to the cinema tonight?
a) go; b) watch; c) eat
9. The sun ............... brightly.
a) show; b) shine; c) rain
10. My friends ............... on a picnic without me.
a) go; b) play; c) read
2. Scrieti forma interogativa a urmatoarelor propozitii:
Exemplu:
I am having lunch at this moment.
Am I having lunch at this moment?

1. We are playing cards.
2. Mother is washing dishes.
3. My brother is reading a newspaper.
4. We are serving breakfast.
5. They are decorating the Christmas tree.
6. My family is planning a trip to Maldive Islands these days.
7. Father is sleeping in the bedroom.
8. You are watching a horror movie.
9. Your sister is doing her homeworks.
10. I am sending a postcard in France now.


Raspunsuri:
1. Alegeti varianta corecta la Prezentul Continuu:
1. We are playing basketball in the schoolyard.
2. They are watching a movie in the dining-room.
3. My friends and I are wateringsome flowers in the garden.
4. I am making my homeworks at Maths.
5. You are readinga novel to your little brother.
6. The poet is creating a poem about love at this moment.
7. I am looking after my lost cat.
8. are we going to the cinema tonight?
9. The sun is shining brightly.
10. My friends are going on a picnic without me.

2. Scrieti forma interogativa a urmatoarelor propozitii:
1. We are playing cards.
Are we playing cards?
2. Mother is washing dishes.
Is mother washing dishes?
3. My brother is reading a newspaper.
Is my brother reading a newspaper?
4. We are serving breakfast.
Are we serving breakfast?
5. They are decorating the Christmas tree.
Are they decorating the Christmas tree?
6. My family is planning a trip to Maldive Islands these days.
Is my family planning a trip to Maldive Islands these days?
7. Father is sleeping in the bedroom.
Is father sleeping in the bedroom?
8. You are watching a horror movie.
Are you watching a horror movie?
9. Your sister is doing her homeworks.
Is your sister doing her homeworks?
10. I am sending a postcard in France now.
Am I sending a postcard in France now
?
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