Gramatica limbii engleze cu exercitii

Trecutul simplu

Past Simple


Afirmativ:
I played tennis   Eu am jucat tenis
You played tennis
He/she played tennis
We played tennis
You played tennis
They played tennis

Interogativ:
Did I play tennis?
Did you play tennis?
Did he/she play tennis?
Did we play tennis?
Did you play tennis?
Did they play tennis?
Trecutul simplu
Past Simple



Negativ:

I did not (didn’t) play tennis.
You did not play tennis.
He/she did not play tennis.
You did not play tennis.
They did not play tennis.



Mod de formare

Afirmativ:
Subiect + Vb.II (terminatia "-ed" pentru verbele regulate)
I wrote a book last year.

Interogativ:

Did + Subiect + Vb.I?
Did you write a book last year?

Negativ:
Subiect + didn't + Vb.I
I didn't write a book last year.

Se foloseste pentru:

-    o actiune care a avut loc la un moment dat in trecut iar perioada detimp s-a incheiat
Verbele la acest timp sunt de obicei determinate de adverbe si expresii de timp ca: yesterday, last year, last month, two hours ago, when I was a student
-    acesta este timpul naratiunii si se foloseste pentru areda evenimentele potrivite retrospectiv

Exercitii:

1.    Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la past tense (forma afirmativa, interogativa si negativa):

1.    I can do it.
2.    She can read an English book.
3.    They can work hard.
4.    You can write very well.

2.    Traduceti in limba engleza:

1.    Nu m-am putut duce ieri la scoala.
2.    Am fost foarte incantat sa-l cunosc .
3.    Ei aveau foarte mult de lucru asa ca nu s-au putut duce la meciul de fotbal.
4.    Unde erai acum o ora?
5.    Noi nu puteam citi englezeste anul trecut.
6.    Ei nu erau acasa.
7.    De ce nu ati putut veni?


Raspunsuri:

1.    Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la past tense (forma afirmativa, interogativa si negativa):

1.    I could….could I?......I could not
2.    She could….could she?......she could not (couldn’t)
3.    They could…..could they? …..they could not
4.    you could…..could you?.....youc ould not


2.    Traduceti in limba engleza:

1.    I could not go to school yesterday.
2.    I was very glad to meet him.
3.    They had very much work to do, so they could not go to the football match.
4.    Where were you an hour ago?
5.    We couldn’t read English last year.
6.    They were not at home.
7.    Why could you not come?





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