Gramatica limbii engleze cu exercitii
Prezentul Perfect Simplu
Present Perfect Simple

Afirmativ:
I (I’ve) have painted
You have painted
She/he has painted
We have painted
You have painted
They have painted

Interogativ:
Have I painted?
Have you painted?
Has she/he painted?
Have we painted?
Have you painted?
Have they painted?

Negativ:
I have not painted
You have not painted
She/he has not painted
We have not painted
You have not painted
They have not painted

Verbul auxiliar havela prezent + forma a III-a de baza a verbului de conjugat (past participle)
Acest timp face legatura intre prezent si trecut.


Mod de formare

Afirmativ:
Subiect + have / has (pers. a III-a sg.) + vb. la forma a III-a
I have washed her blouse.

Interogativ:
Have / has (pers. a III-a sg.) + Subiect + vb. la forma a III-a
Have I washed her blouse?

Negativ:
Subiect + have/has (pers. a III-a sg.) + not + vb. la forma a III-a
Se folosesc adesea contractiile haven't (have + not) si hasn't (has + not)
I haven't washed her blouse.



Se foloseste pentru:

-    exprima o stare care a inceput in trecut si care  inca se continua.
We’ve been friends for a long time
Suntem prieteni de mult timp

-    exprima o stare terminata in trecut, pentru care momentul cand â avut loc nu prezinta interes; accentul este pus pe experienta in sine traita prin actiunea respectiva
      I’ve never been to China.
N-am fost niciodata in China

-    exprima o actiune trecuta al carei rezultat este vizibil in prezent
He’s broken his arm.
Si-a rupt bratul.

Expresii cu care se foloseste adesea Prezentul Perfect Simplu:
already, just, yet
Exemple:
1. He has already finished his classes.
2. Tom has just spoken on the phone with Mary.
3. They haven't written the exercise yet.

never, ever, often
Exemple:
1. I have never heard such a thing.
2. Have you ever read this news?
3. I have often travelled by car to the countryside.

ever and before
Exemplu:
Have you ever heard this song before?

for and since
Exemple:
1. I've had my own car for four years.
2. She has been ill since yesterday.

until now, so far, up to now
Exemple:
1. I haven't had any Math problems up to now.
2. So far, he hasn't complained about his wage.
3. Until now, I haven't heard about this English singer.

Exercitii:
I. Pune verbele din paranteza la Prezentul Perfect Simplu, ca in exemplul de mai jos:
Exemplu:
Tom .......... (write) .......... his homework.
Tom has just written his homework.

1. I .......... (fix) .......... my car.
2. Father .......... (leave) .......... home.
3. They .......... (arrive) .......... to the theatre.
4. We .......... (see) .......... our Math teacher.
5. He .......... (begin) .......... to cry.


II. Completeaza urmatoarele propozitii ca in exemplul de mai jos, folosind timpul Prezent Perfect Simplu:
Exemplu:
This is the most beautiful girl I .......... (see)
This is the most beautiful girl I have ever seen.

1. That is the most interesting movie he .......... (see)
2. This is the best book she .......... (read)
3. This is the biggest mall they .......... (visit)
4. These are the most attractive souvenirs they .......... (buy)
5. Those are the most wonderful monuments they .......... (see)




Raspunsuri:
I. Pune verbele din paranteza la Prezentul Perfect Simplu:
1. I have just fixed my car.
2. Father has just left home.
3. They have just arrived to the theatre.
4. We have just seen our Math teacher.
5. He has just begun to cry.


II. Completeaza urmatoarele propozitii folosind timpul Prezent Perfect Simplu:
1. That is the most interesting movie he has ever seen.
2. This is the best book she has ever read.
3. This is the biggest mall they have ever visited.
4. These are the most attractive souvenirs they have ever bought.
5. Those are the most wonderful monuments they have ever seen.
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